It's important for parents of a child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, to be patient and supportive, and to provide a structured and predictable environment and daily routine. It can also be helpful for individuals with ADHD to learn and use organization and time management strategies. Mr. Willis, what other tips can you give us?
Well, Dr. Patel, having a child with ADHD can be frustrating at times, but reacting in frustration is often more harmful than helpful. For this reason, it's important for parents to learn healthy stress management techniques, so that they can respond calmly to their child's behavior.
Being clear and consistent with directions and rules can help children with ADHD follow directions and stay on task. It's also a good idea to give praise or rewards when rules are followed.
Parents may also find it helpful to hire a tutor. Children with ADHD often benefit more from one-on-one instruction than learning in a classroom setting. It's also important to communicate closely with the child's teachers at school, and check in daily with the child to understand how they perceive their own progress.
Staying organized is important for both children and adults with ADHD. Simple strategies for organization include:
- Keep a routine and a schedule. Keep the same routine every day, from wake-up time to bedtime. Parents should include times for homework, outdoor play, and indoor activities. Write the schedule down and keep it visible.
- Use positive reinforcement or rewards to motivate yourself or your child to become more organized.
- For parents, organize your child's everyday items, such as clothes, backpacks, and toys. Have a place for everything, and keep everything in its place. For adults with ADHD, prioritize the spaces to be organized from easiest to most difficult, and break down each space into sections. Schedule a time to work on each section. (and)
- Use notebook organizers or file folders. Parents should emphasize to their child the importance of writing down assignments and bringing home the necessary books.