Personality disorders are treated with specific types of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy can help the individual gain insight about their disorder and understand the effects of their behavior on others. Patients can talk about their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and learn the best way to manage symptoms and reduce problematic behaviors. The type of treatment depends on the particular personality disorder, its severity, and other personal circumstances.
Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic therapy focuses on understanding the issues that motivate and influence the patient's behavior, thoughts, and feelings. This form of psychotherapy can help identify typical behavior patterns and responses to inner conflicts.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Dialectical behavior therapy utilizes the concept of mindfulness, or being aware of and attentive to the current situation, including mood. DBT also teaches skills to control intense emotions, reduce self-destructive behaviors, and improve relationships.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients become more aware of inaccurate or negative thinking so they can view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them more effectively.
Group therapy uses group dynamics and peer interactions to increase understanding of mental disorders and/or improve social skills.